is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Iranian
culture and art, dating back to the Bronze Age, but as the materials
used in carpets including wool and cotton, decay into dust during
the course of time, archaeologists couldn't make any special discovery
during the archaeological excavations. What have remained for us from
the early ages as evidence of carpet-weaving are nothing more than
a few pieces of worn-out rugs.
Such fragments do not help very much in recognizing the carpet-weaving
characteristics of pre-Seljuk period (13th and 14th centuries AD).
Among the oldest pieces discovered are those found in Eastern Turkestan,
dating back to the third to fifth centuries AD, and also some of
the hand-weavings of the Seljuks of Asia Minor on exhibit in Alaedin
Mosque in Konya and Ashrafoghlu Mosque in Beyshehir, Turkey. These
pieces attracted the attention of researchers earlier this century,
and now they are kept in the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art in
Istanbul and the Mowlana Museum in Konya.
In a unique archaeological excavation in 1949, the exceptional Pazyryk
carpet was discovered among the ices of Pazyryk Valley, in Altai Mountains
in Siberia. It was discovered in the grave of a Scythian prince by
a group of Russian archaeologists under the supervision of professor
Rudenko. Radiocarbon testing revealed that Pazyryk carpet was woven
in the 5th century BC. This carpet is 1.83×2 meters and has
36 symmetrical knots per cm2.The advanced weaving technique used in
the Pazyryk carpet indicates a long history of evolution and experience
of this art. Most experts believe that the Pazyryk carpet is the final
achievement of at least one thousand years of experience and history.
According to this theory the art of carpet-weaving in Iran is at least
3500 years old.
In 1978, the founders of the Carpet Museum of Iran established this
Museum with a limited number of Persian carpets and kilims, in order
to revive and develop the art of carpet-weaving in the country, and
to provide a source to satisfy the need for research about the historical
background and evolution of this art
The Carpet Museum of Iran, with its beautiful architecture and facade
resembling a carpet-weaving loom is located on the northwest of Laleh
Park in Tehran. It is composed of two exhibition galleries covering
an area of 3400 m2.The ground floor gallery is assigned for permanent
exhibitions and the upper floor gallery is considered for the temporary
exhibitions of carpets, kilims, and carpet designs.